This booklet aims to explain the last two areas of the Early Years Foundation Stage Curriculum.
This is about improving skills of coordination, control, manipulation and movement. It helps children to be active and encourages them to understand about their bodies and staying healthy.
This area of the curriculum is divided into three sections; Movement and Space, Health and Bodily Awareness and Using Equipment and Materials.
During the year we work towards these Early Learning Goals for Physical Development:
Movement and Space
Health and Bodily Awareness
Using Equipment and Materials
What do we do at Nursery and school?
Fine motor skills:
• You already do lots of this – riding a bike, going to the park and using the swings, playing football or catch in the garden.
• Encourage and help your child to use tools such as scissors, cellotape, paint brushes, hammers, screwdrivers etc.
• Fun and messy activities are great – cooking biscuits and rolling out the dough, using flour on a table and making patterns with fingers or shaving foam!
This is such a magical area of development and an important one. Creativity helps children to explore and express their emotions, understand how others might feel, interpret others work, gain preferences, and begin to make connections between one area of learning and another. It really does provide a feel good factor and helps children to relax. It encompasses 5 areas:
Children use their imagination all the time. At home they will use small world items such as doll’s houses to act out stories or sing songs to themselves as they are doing activities. They also use you as role-models for their role-play. They act out scenarios that they see you do at home such as ironing, making a shopping list, washing the car. They are able to practise skills that they need for adult life safely.
During the year we work towards these Early Learning Goals for Creative Development:
• Far too many to list!
• Painting – different styles, techniques and tools – finger painting, using ready mixed, powder, block paints etc.
• Drawing – observational, imaginative using tools such as pencils, charcoal, pastels.
• Modelling – from recycled materials, clay, playdough.
• Printing – with hands, feet and objects.
• Have specific role-play areas – shops, garages, home corner, as well as topic related role-play – Cinderella’s house, castles, etc.
• We use puppets to act out stories and make our own ones related to stories.
• We have drama sessions to do things like hot seating, acting out stories or freeze framing.
• We learn games and dances as well as listen to music and move, draw, discuss.
• We learn lots of songs.
• We learn about musical instruments and play clapping games.
• We also talk about how we feel about art and music such as work by famous artists or composers.
• Again, you probably do lots of these things already!
• Encourage your child to paint or draw – finger painting, using flour and water. Glitter and sparkly pens can be quite an incentive!
• Children can use the computer to draw – this helps if children find drawing quite difficult.
• Role – play – children love this and simple things can be making a den using a sheet or just letting them use things around the home. When you do things, let your child watch you and explain what you are doing. Ideas could be washing the car, making a shopping list, folding the clothes, doing the washing.
• Listen to music – all kinds and sing along!
• Children can use items around the home as musical instruments – saucepan lids, hoover pipes with a stick to scrape along, spoons etc. (Do remember to get the aspirins for your headache with this one!)
As with all aspects of the Early Years Foundation Stage curriculum, children will learn these creative and physical skills through both structured teaching and through self-initiated activities (their play).